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If you have been discriminated against, the Illinois Human Rights Act provides relief if the discrimination is based upon race, color, religion, sex, national origin, ancestry, age (40 and over), marital status, physical, mental or perceived handicap, familial status (children under 18) or unfavorable military discharge.
Refusing to engage in a real estate transaction;
Altering the terms or conditions of a real estate transaction;
Refusing to receive or transmit a bona fide offer in a transaction;
Misrepresenting the availability of property for inspection, rental or sale;
Blockbusting, racial steering, panic peddling or using restrictive covenants;
Failing to disclose property listings;
Circulating written material that indicates directly or indirectly intent to commit unlawful discrimination;
Requiring that a prospective tenant not have children residing in his or her family at the time of the application;
Inserting lease provisions that call for termination of the lease if children come to live in the household;
Requiring extra charges for the use of guide, hearing or support dogs other than for actual damages caused by such animals;
Expressing orally or in writing an intent to directly or indirectly engage in unlawful discrimination;
Refusing to allow reasonable modifications of premises occupied by handicapped persons made at those person's own expense. The landlord may require the restoration of the premises to the original condition upon the tenant vacating the premises.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is ready to help you with any housing discrimination problem.
If you think your rights have been violated, the Housing Discrimination Complaint Form is available for you to download, complete and return. The form can also be completed online or you may write HUD a letter, or telephone the HUD Office located nearest you.
You have one year after an alleged violation to file a complaint with HUD, but you should file it as soon as possible.
Your name and address
The name and address of the person your complaint is against (the respondent)
The address or other identification to the housing involved
A short description to the alleged violation (the event that caused you to believe your rights were violated)
The date(s) to the alleged violation
Send the Housing Discrimination Complaint Form or a letter to the HUD Office nearest you or you may call that office directly.
HUD also provides:
A toll-free TTY phone for the hearing impaired: 1-800-767-7468
Tapes and Braille materials
Assistance in reading and completing forms
HUD will notify you when it receives your complaint. Normally, HUD also will:
Notify the alleged violator of your complaint and permit that person to submit an answer
Investigate your complaint and determine whether there is reasonable cause to believe the Fair Housing Act has been violated
Notify you if it cannot complete an investigation within 100 days of receiving your complaint
HUD will try to reach an agreement with the person your complaint is against (the respondent). A conciliation agreement must protect both you and the public interest. If an agreement is signed, HUD will take no further action on your complaint. However, if HUD has reasonable cause to believe that a conciliation agreement is breached, HUD will recommend that the Attorney General file suit.
If HUD has determined that your State or local agency has the same fair housing powers as HUD, HUD will refer your complaint to that agency for investigation and notify you of the referral. That agency must begin work on your complaint within 30 days or HUD may take it back.
If you need immediate help to stop a serious problem that is being caused by a Fair Housing Act violation, HUD may be able to assist you as soon as you file a complaint. HUD may authorize the Attorney General to go to court to seek temporary or preliminary relief, pending the outcome of your complaint, if:
Irreparable harm is likely to occur without HUD's intervention
There is substantial evidence that a violation of the Fair Housing Act occurred
Example: A builder agrees to sell a house but, after learning the buyer is black, fails to keep the agreement. The buyer files a complaint with HUD. HUD may authorize the Attorney General to go to court to prevent a sale to any other buyer until HUD investigates the complaint.
If, after investigating your complaint, HUD finds reasonable cause to believe that discrimination occurred, it will inform you. Your case will be heard in an administrative hearing within 120 days, unless you or the respondent want the case to be heard in Federal district court. Either way, there is no cost to you.
If your case goes to an administrative hearing HUD attorneys will litigate the case on your behalf. You may intervene in the case and be represented by your own attorney if you wish. An Administrative Law Judge (ALA) will consider evidence from you and the respondent. If the ALA decides that discrimination occurred, the respondent can be ordered:
To compensate you for actual damages, including humiliation, pain and suffering
To provide injunctive or other equitable relief, for example, to make the housing available to you
To pay the Federal Government a civil penalty to vindicate the public interest. The maximum penalties are $10,000 for a first violation and $50,000 for a third violation within seven years
To pay reasonable attorney's fees and costs
If you or the respondent choose to have your case decided in Federal District Court, the Attorney General will file a suit and litigate it on your behalf. Like the ALA, the District Court can order relief, and award actual damages, attorney's fees and costs. In addition, the court can award punitive damages.
In Addition: You May File Suit: You may file suit, at your expense, in Federal District Court or State Court within two years of an alleged violation. If you cannot afford an attorney, the Court may appoint one for you. You may bring suit even after filing a complaint, if you have not signed a conciliation agreement and an Administrative Law Judge has not started a hearing. A court may award actual and punitive damages and attorney's fees and costs.